In spite or perhaps because of the aridity of most parts of the country, there are many species of plants and animals which occur nowhere in the world.
There are more than 600 endemic plants (out of a total of 4,000 plant species recorded in Namibia), 14 birds (out of 658), 66 reptiles )out of 258), and 15 mammals (out of 217).
Namibia is most famous for its desert elephants, Oryx antelope and Cheetah. Of course, Namibia is also the home to many animals of the African bush, including the “Big Five” elephant, rhino, lion, leopard and buffalo.
At the coast, near Luderitz and Walvis Bay, you can watch the flamingos, seals and dolphins. More recently, even whales have occasionally been spotted.
Celebrities of the plant kingdom are the Boab Tree in the north, the Quiver Tree (a member of the aloe family) in the south and the ancient Welwitsch mirabilis in the west and north-west.
Nature conservation is spelled in capital letter in Namibia. About 15 percent of the country are conserved, which includes the Etosha National Park and the Namib Naukluft Park.
Diversity of People
About 500 years ago Namibia was very sparsely populated by Bushman (San) and Damara. Then Herero,Ovambo and Kavango groups moved from the north of Africa, followed by Nama groups from the south.